Ophthalmology (Eye Diseases)

Ophthalmology (Eye Diseases)

Ophthalmology department carries out the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of eye and visual system disorders.

Ophthalmology is a specialty where medical and surgical applications can be performed together. Eye problems are becoming a bigger problem in countries with an aging population. The ophthalmology department deals with a variety of eye problems and clinical conditions.


Areas of interest:

Some of the diseases diagnosed and treated in the eye diseases department include:

  • Corneal pathologies (diseases of the cornea, the thin transparent surface that forms the anterior region of the eyeball)
  • Cataract (disease caused by the loss of transparency of the lens of the eye)
  • Glaucoma (disease in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes increases and causes visual problems)
  • Strabismus (a problem with the alignment of the eyes)
  • Retinal problems (problems such as edema, bleeding, tearing or detachment in the retina, which is the light-receiving inner surface of the eye)
  • Intraocular inflammation
  • Eye-related neurological problems


The eye diseases department also serves patients with the following problems:

  • Major and minor eye injuries
  • Infectious diseases in the eye
  • Chronic eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy (a disease caused by diabetes and affecting the retina) and age-related macular degeneration (deterioration of the macula, the central region of the retina)

The patients served by the ophthalmology department cover the entire age range, from premature babies to the oldest members of society. Eye diseases are rarely life-threatening. However, symptoms affecting eye function and visual impairment are very common and can cause significant anxiety.

Ophthalmologists also perform eye surgery, which is usually performed with the aid of an operating microscope and may involve the use of devices such as lasers.

Surgical procedures performed in the ophthalmology unit have increased the success rate, thanks to the great advances in technology over the last ten to fifteen years. Due to these developments, most operations are carried out as day cases.

Surgeries Performed

A large number of surgeries are performed in the eye diseases department, including the following surgeries.

Medical Services


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Cataract and Refraktive Surgery

A cataract is a foggy area in the lens of the eye that makes it difficult to see clearly. In this surgery, the surgeon removes the cloudy lens and replaces it with an artificial lens.

Corneal Transplant

In this surgery, the surgeon removes the damaged part of your cornea and replaces it with healthy donor tissue. Your surgeon may perform a full-thickness corneal transplant (penetrating keratoplasty) or a partial-thickness transplant (lamellar keratoplasty).

Glaucoma Surgeries
Glaucoma Surgeries

For glaucoma implants, the doctor places a small tube called a shunt in the white of your eye; The tube lowers your eye pressure by helping excess fluid drain out of your eye. In a trabeculectomy, your surgeon makes a small hole in the upper part of your eye, under the eyelid, to allow excess fluid to drain inside your eye that causes pressure. In the iridectomy procedure, the surgeon uses a laser to make a small hole in the iris, a colored and circular membrane located behind the cornea. This hole helps the fluid in the eye to move from the back of the eye to the front.

Radial Keratotomy

It is the oldest and most successful technique applied for the treatment of myopia. In myopia, the distant object appears blurred. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a deep incision using a diamond blade. Unlike laser surgery, it is the surgeon's shaping of the cornea with incisions.

Retinal Surgeries

There are several surgical procedures that can be used in combination to repair a damaged or detached retina. To fix a tear or hole in the eye and help hold your retina in place, the surgeon may apply a freezing probe (cryopexy) or use a laser to create a small area of ​​burn (photocoagulation). In scleral buckle surgery, the surgeon places a small, flexible band around the white part of your eye (sclera); this band gently pushes the corners of your eye toward your retina again, keeping your retina in place. In pneumatic retinopexy, the doctor injects a small air bubble into the center of your eyeball that will disappear on its own over time to reposition your retina before applying the freezing or burning treatment.

Eye Muscle Surgeries

Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not move together in pairs. Surgery is not the only treatment option, but when necessary, the surgeon will try to bring the eye muscles into an appropriate position using techniques that weaken or strengthen the muscles in the affected eye. Strabismus surgeries may involve removing a section of muscle or relocating a muscle in a different part of the eye.

LASIK Surgery

In this laser eye surgery, your surgeon uses a strong light source (laser) to shape the cornea, making vision clearer in patients with near-sightedness or astigmatism. Photorefractive keratectomy surgery, commonly called PRK, can also be used as an alternative to LASIK surgery in patients with dry eyes or thin corneas.