Urology is the medical branch that studies the urinary tract of men and women and the reproductive systems of men. In addition, the surgical treatment of the adrenal glands falls within the field of urology. It examines the diagnosis and treatment process of all diseases related to organs such as kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra, penis, testicles, scrotum and prostate gland. Urology incorporates both urinary tract infection and urinary system surgical interventions.

Urology is divided into sub-disciplines within itself. These can be counted as andrology, pediatric urology, female urology, neuro-urology, endourology and uro-oncology.

Andrology: Andrology deals with sexual dysfunctions. Sexual health of men and women and infertility in men are common and studied diseases. Diseases such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, varicocele fall under the scope of this sub-branch.

Pediatric Urology: It examines the urological diseases seen in children. Undescended testis, hypospadias (prophet circumcision), VUR (vesicoureteral reflux), Nocturnal Enuresis (wetting during night), hydrocele (fluid accumulation in the testis sac), inguinal hernia and circumcision, medical and surgical treatments are also included in this sub-branch. 

Female Urology: It includes two branches, namely urogynecology. Diseases such as sagging of the pelvic organ, urinary incontinence and overactive bladder are taken care of.

Neurourology: It examines urinary excretion problems caused by disorders of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Necessary treatments are carried out for the diagnosis of diseases that occur as a result of complaints such as urinary problems experienced at night and frequent urination.

Endourology: It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of stones formed in the urinary tract and kidneys. Treatments can be done in different ways according to the size and frequency of the stones.

Uro-oncology: Diagnosis of urological organ cancers such as bladder, kidney, prostate or testis and open, endoscopic and medical treatments of these diseases fall under the scope of this sub-branch. 


Medical Services

Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
Kidney and Ureter (Canal) Stones
Overactive Bladder
Urinary Incontinence
Urinary Incontinence
Enuresis Nocturna
Bladder Prolapse
Vesicourethral Reflux
Undescended Testicle
Penile Prosthesis Surgery

The inflatable penile prosthesis or glans injury treatment consists of two connected cylinders - a reservoir and a pump - that are surgically inserted into the body. The two cylinders are inserted into the penis and connected to a separate saline reservoir by tubing. The reservoir is implanted under the rectus muscles in the lower abdomen. A pump is also connected to the erectile tissue system and sits under the loose skin of the scrotum between the testicles.

Because of the three different components, this penile prosthesis is called a 3-piece inflatable penile prosthesis. A two-piece inflatable penile prosthesis consists of only two components;
  • the attached cylinders and 
  • the combined reservoir and pump unit 
The reservoir is not placed behind the groin, but together with the pump forms a housing unit that fits comfortably in the scrotum. The advantage of a two-piece prosthesis is that the operation is shorter and less complicated and there are no pieces of equipment in the abdomen. The disadvantage of the two-piece prosthesis is that the smaller reservoir may not result in a sufficient erection in some men.

For more information about Penile Prosthesis Surgery in Turkey Cost, Procedure and Effectiveness please click here >>

Gender Reassignment Surgery

If a person's biological gender and perceived sexual identity do not match, i.e. if a person is transsexual, a great deal of suffering can arise. Through a sex reassignment surgery, the technical term is sex reassignment surgery or GAOP for short, doctors can change the physical characteristics through hormone treatment and surgical interventions. From male to female or from female to male.

Today there are various feminizing and masculinizing procedures for gender reassignment. However, it is not easy to have an operation in the case of transsexuality. Affected persons must meet certain requirements for gender reassignment.

For more information about Gender Reassignment Surgery in Turkey Cost, Procedure and Statistics please click here >>