The physical therapy and rehabilitation unit carries out its studies on evaluating and treating disorders in the human body primarily by physical means. They focus on individuals with dysfunctions related to the musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiopulmonary, and integumentary (skin) systems. Physical therapists evaluate the functioning of these systems and apply appropriate treatment to relieve pain and improve physical function. The physical therapy and rehabilitation unit assists in the care of patients at all stages of recovery from the first diagnosis. Physical therapy can be an independent and stand-alone treatment option, or it can be used in combination with other treatments.
Rehabilitation is care that can help you regain, maintain or develop the abilities you need during daily life. These abilities can be physical, mental and/or cognitive (thinking and learning). You may have lost these abilities due to an illness or injury or as a side effect of medical treatment. Rehabilitation can improve your daily life and functioning by enabling you to regain these abilities.
Depending on the reason the treatment is being performed, the benefits of physical therapy include:
A sports therapist can help an athlete maximize their performance by strengthening certain parts of their body and using muscles in new ways.
A physical therapist can advise individuals on physical therapy benefits and treatment needs specific to their personal medical history.
The overall goal of rehabilitation is to help you regain your abilities and regain your independence. However, the goals aimed to be achieved are different for each person. The benefit you get from rehabilitation depends on what caused the problem, whether the cause persists, what skills you have lost, and how serious the problem is.
Treats musculoskeletal injuries involving the muscles, bones, ligaments, fascia, and tendons. Orthopedic physical therapy is an appropriate choice for fractures, sprains, tendonitis, bursitis, treatment of chronic medical problems, and for conditions intended for rehabilitation or recovery after orthopedic surgery. Patients can be treated with joint mobilizations, manual therapy, strength training, mobility training, and other modalities.
Geriatric physical therapy can help elderly patients who develop conditions that affect their mobility and physical function, including arthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, hip and joint replacement, balance disorders, and incontinence. This type of intervention aims to restore mobility, reduce pain and increase physical fitness levels.
Neurological physical therapy can help people with neurological disorders and diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, brain injury, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injury and stroke. Treatment may aim to increase limb sensitivity, treat paralysis, and reverse muscle strength by reducing muscle atrophy.
Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation may benefit people affected by certain cardiopulmonary conditions and surgical procedures. Treatment can increase physical endurance and overall strength level.
Pediatric physical therapy aims to diagnose, treat, and control conditions that affect infants, children, and adolescents, including developmental delays, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, torticollis, and other conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system.
Wound care therapy can help ensure that a healing wound receives adequate oxygen and blood through improved circulation. Physical therapy may include the use of manual therapies, electrical stimulation, compression therapy, and wound care.
Vestibular therapy aims to treat balance problems that can result from inner ear conditions. Vestibular physical therapy includes a range of exercises and manual techniques that can help patients regain their normal balance and coordination.
Decongestive therapy can help drain accumulated fluid in lymphedema and other conditions involving fluid buildup.
It can help treat urinary or fecal incontinence, and pelvic pain in men and women due to certain conditions, such as injuries or surgery.