The Da Vinci system consists of a patient trolley (“robot”), a system trolley and a console. The patient trolley has four movable arms and is placed on the operating table above the patient for the procedure. One arm is used to control the 3D camera. Various instruments can be docked to the other three arms.
As in conventional laparoscopic surgery, 5-12mm introducer sleeves (trocars) are used, which are inserted through the patient's abdominal wall. The abdominal cavity is first filled with CO 2 gas. The specially developed robotic instruments are introduced through the trocars, which are moved with the help of the robotic arms.
The operator moves the robotic arms and thus controls the instruments from the console. With the help of special hand straps, the movements can be carried out intuitively and precisely. The surgeon looks into the console's binoculars (similar to normal binoculars), where he can follow his movements in real time in a high-resolution three-dimensional image. The pedals located at the bottom of the console can be used to obliterate small blood vessels using high-frequency current. In addition, the surgeon can use it to switch between individual instruments and control the camera precisely as required.
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